14.65 Million Chinese Were Born in 2019, And 59.5% Were Second Child
19:15:00, Mar. 8, 2020
The number of people born in 2019 was 14.65 million, and the birth rate was 10.48 ‰. The Sex Ratio (Male to Female Ratio) was 104.45.
On January 17, 2020, the National Bureau of Statistics released the 2019 birth population data. The data showed that in 2019, there were 14.65 million newborns with a birth rate of 10.48 ‰; in 2019, the total population sex ratio (male to female ratio) was 104.45.
At the end of 2019, the total population of mainland China (including 31 provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities and the People's Liberation Army active duty, excluding Hong Kong, Macau Special Administrative Region and Taiwan Province and overseas Chinese) was 1.4005 million, an increase of 4.67 million from the end of 2018. The annual birth population was 14.65 million, with a birth rate of 10.48 ‰; the dead population was 9.98 million, the population mortality was 7.14 ‰; and the natural population growth rate was 3.34 ‰.
We can analyze the population data from the following perspectives.
1) Gender structure: the male population was 71.527 million and the female population was 68.78 million. The total population sex ratio (male to female ratio) was 104.45.
2) Age composition: the working-age population between the ages of 16 and 59 was 896.4 million, accounting for 64.0% of the total population; the population over 60 years old was 258.88 million, accounting for 18.1% of the total, of which the population over 65 was 176,03, accounting for 12.6% of the total population.
3) Urban and rural structure: the urban population was 84.843 million, an increase of 17.06 million from the end of 2018; the rural resident population was 55.162 million, a decrease of 12.39 million; the proportion of the urban population in the total population (urbanization rate) was 60.60%, which was higher than the end of 2018, an increase of 1.02 percentage points.
4) Birth population: In 2018, the natural population growth rate was 3.81 ‰. Since the birth rate had a record low in 2018, it has once again bottomed out in 2019. Earlier data released by the National Bureau of Statistics showed that 15.23 million people were born in 2018, with a birth rate of 10.94 ‰, the lowest since 1952.
Two figures are worth noting:
One is the population sex ratio (male to female ratio), which will affect the next marriageable population. The number of unmarried men will inevitably rise year by year, and it will also affect later fertility.
The other is that the total working-age population will decline in 2019, while the ageing will continue to deepen.
In 2018, the working-age population between the ages of 16 and 59 was 89.929 million, accounting for 64.3% of the total population; the population over 60 years was 249.49 million, accounting for 17.9% of the total population, of which 16.65 million were 65 and over, accounting for 11.9% of the total population.
In 2019, the working-age population between the ages of 16 and 59 was 896.4 million, accounting for 64.0% of the total population; the population over 60 was 253.88 million, accounting for 18.1% of the total, of which 176.03 million were 65 and over, accounting for 12.6% of the total population.
Ning Jizhen, director of the National Bureau of Statistics, said that the number of newborns was still large, and the increase was decreasing, but the decrease is being controlled. In 2019, the number of newborns decreased by 580,000, the number of newborns in 2018 decreased by 2 million compared with 2017, and the number of newborns decreased by 630,000 in 2017 compared with 2016. Among newborns, the proportion of the second child has reached 59.5%, which has been increased for several consecutive years. This has suggested that the two-child policy has played an important role.
The birth population has the most direct impact on the mother and infant industry. Firstly, milk powder, diapers and other industries have been influenced, and the increase of newborns population has brought opportunities for the industry. In addition, judging from the current economic environment and population situation, two-child families have become one of the important driving forces for the development of the mother and infant industry. A couple having a second child has higher income and stronger consuming power than a single child family. With the implementation of the "second child policy", the future prospect of the maternal and infant market is promising.